The efforts taken by the STEM Alliance initiative are based in an extensive body of knowledge extracted from academia, experts and businesses, who keep demonstrating the importance of investing in STEM education to reduce the projected skills gap in the European labor market.

In this section, you will find a curated selection of books, research papers, articles and other publications relevant for all stakeholders interested in STEM education and in the promotion of STEM careers.

STEM Education Fact sheets

Download the Executive Summary here

Download the Fact Sheet here



The STEM Alliance is currently producing research materials on key issues such as the shortage of STEM teachers and the innovative use of ICT in STEM education.

The findings are based on surveys and 'state of the art' analysis carried out by the Knowledge Centre/Observatory of STEM Trends in Education, with the additional consultation of both Ministries of Education and industry partners.

The main aim of these publications is to further a debate on key issues in STEM education and to support calls for action at both national and European levels.

The STEM Alliance ICT reports series

The STEM Alliance has published a series of literature review reports and special issues that address the following major question: what are the impacts and challenges of ICT in STEM teaching and learning, from the viewpoint of the stakeholders involved? The reports are based on a broad literature review that covers a number of aspects of recent relevance in the field of ICT in STEM education. Each report of the series focuses on a specific topic, context and set of challenges. Specifically: setting the scene, students, teachers and schools, policymakers and the private educational and technological sector.



European Schoolnet and CSR Europe act as coordinating bodies of the STEM Alliance, the initiative also counts with the support of major industries and private partners. In this section, a collection of publications from each of the STEM Alliance partners is available.

Click on one of the partners to get a list of selected publication.

European Schoolnet - CSR Europe - Amgen - Axalta - CA Technologies - CISCO - Dassault Systems - EPCA - IBM - Johnson and Johnson - Lego education - Lenovo - Microsoft - Shell - Texas Instruments

  1. European Schoolnet (2015) Computing our future: Computer programming and coding - Priorities, school curricula and initiatives across Europe. Brussels, EUN.

  2. European Schoolnet, DIGITALEUROPE (2015) The eSkills Manifesto 2015. Brussels, EUN.

  3. European Schoolnet (2015) Innovation in your classroom. Learning with colleagues from across Europe. Brussels, EUN.

  4. F. Van Assche et al. (2015) Re-engineering the Uptake of ICT in Schools. Brussels, EUN.

  5. European Schoolnet (2015) Scientix 2 Results: How Scientix adds value to STEM education. Brussels, EUN.

  6. European Schoolnet (2014) A parents' guide to careers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Brussels, EUN.

  7. European Commission, European Schoolnet (2013) Survey of Schools: ICT in Education. Benchmarking Access, Use and Attitudes to Technology in Europe's Schools. Final Study Report. Brussels, EUN.

  1. CSR Europe (2016) EU STEM Coalition: STEM skills for a future proof Europe. Fostering Innovation, Growth and Jobs by bridging the EU STEM Skills Mismatch. The Hague, STEM Coalition.
  1. AMGEN Foundation (2016) Students on STEM: More hands on, real-world experiences. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.

  2. AMGEN Foundation (2016) A Business Leader's Guide to Mobilizing State Action on STEM. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.

  3. AMGEN Foundation (2016) Left to Chance: U.S. Middle Schoolers Lack in-Depth Experience with Technology and Engineering. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.

  4. AMGEN Foundation (2016) Science ed: What students want. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.

  5. AMGEN Foundation (2016) DESIGNPRINCIPLES 3.0 for Effective STEM Philanthropy. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.

  6. AMGEN Foundation (2016) DESIGNPRINCIPLES RUBRIC 3.0. Change the equation. AMGEN Foundation.
  1. Coming soon
  1. CA Technology (2017) White Paper: CA Technologies corporate social responsibility in Europe.
  2. CA Technologies (2017) « Donne e digital transformation: binomio vincente » (Women and digital transformation, binomial success) NetConsulting, CA Technologies, Fondazione Soliditas.
  1. Cisco (2011) Cloud computing delivers education to millions. Cisco Public Information.

  2. Cisco (2016) Leading a Digital Transformation. How to use E-rate and the power of digital to transform education. Cisco Public Information.

  3. Cisco (2015) Digital Technology at the Heart of Further Education. Cisco Public Information.

  4. Cisco (2016) 7 Ways to Be a Global Problem Solver in Your Community.
  1. Dassault Systèmes (2015) Academia. Innovate in educational practices.
  1. The European Petrochemical Association (2017). Improving Diversity and Inclusion: A Guide to Best Practices for the Global Petrochemical Industry

  2. The European Petrochemical Association (2015) Chemicals for you.

  3. The European Petrochemical Association (2015) Bertha Benz's historic drive with world's first automobile. Belgium. EPCA.

  4. The European Petrochemical Association (2015) 49th EPCA Annual Meeting. Education Session.

  5. The European Petrochemical Association (2014) 48th EPCA Annual Meeting. Education Workshop.
  1. IBM Education (2016) Personalised education: From curriculum to career with cognitive systems. IBM Corporation.

  2. IBM Education (2015) Pursuit of relevance: How higher education remains viable in a dynamic world. IBM Corporation. IBM Institute for Business Value.

  3. IBM Education (2016) Personalised education: From curriculum to career with cognitive systems. IBM Corporation.

  4. IBM Institute for Business Value (2016) Facing the storm: Navigating the global skills crisis. Executive report, IBM.
  1. Coming soon
  1. Lego Mindstorm, Case study: STEAM teacher uses robotics to help his science students take charge of their own learning! LEGO Education.

  2. Lego Mindstorm, Case study: One Teacher's Journey with the Evolution of LEGO® MINDSTORMS® Education — RCX, NXT, EV3. LEGO Education.

  3. Lego Mindstorm, Case study: The whimsical life of a LEGO® Education Master Trainer… LEGO Education.

  4. Moore Educational. Curriculum links. Mathematics, Science, Technologies. (Online)

  5. Lego Lesson plans. LEGO Education community. Resources. (Online) Available from:[Accessed on 27/01/2016]

  6. Simple and powered machines. Teachers guide. LEGO Education. (Online) Available from:[Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  1. Lenovo Education. White Paper for Education. STEM success: How technology can drive STEM education for better student outcomes [Online] Intel, Lenovo. Available from:[Accessed on 27/01/2016]

  2. Lenovo Education. White Paper for Education. Seven ways to boost 1:1 Program Success. [Online] Intel, Lenovo. Available from:[Accessed on 27/01/2016]

  3. Lenovo Education. K-12 Cloud computing. Moving past the barriers. Intel, Lenovo. Available from:[Accessed on 27/01/2016]

  4. Overview for Education. Discover the Rich Capabilities of Chrome Apps for Education. Intel, Lenovo. Available from:
  1. Microsoft (2016) ICT Tools for STEM Teaching and Learning. Transformation Framework. Microsoft Corporation.

  2. Microsoft (2017) Why Europe's girls aren't studying STEM. Microsoft Philanthropies Inc. [Accessed on 08/03/2017]

  3. Microsoft (2016) Future proof yourself – tomorrow's jobs. Microsoft, The Future Laboratory. [Accessed on 22/05/2017]
  1. Coming soon
  1. Coming soon



In this section, you will find a curated selection of educational barometers, reports, research papers, articles and other publications relevant for all stakeholders interested in STEM education and STEM careers and classified by theme.

Click on the theme you are interested in to get a list of selected publications.


TIMSS - 2015

  1. TIMSS 2015 International results in Mathematics [Online] Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  2. TIMSS 2015 International results in Science [Online] Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  3. TIMSS Advanced 2015 International results in Advanced Mathematics and Physics [Online] Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  4. TIMSS Encyclopaedia [Online] Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]

PISA - 2015

  1. PISA 2015 Results. Volume I Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  2. PISA 2015 Results. Volume II Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  3. European Commission (2016) PISA 2015: EU performance and initial conclusions regarding education policies in Europe. Education and Training. Brussels, EC. [Accessed on 27/01/2016]

EC Education and Training Monitor 2015

  1. European Commission (2016) Education and Training Monitor 2015. Education and Training. Brussels, EC. [Accessed on 27/01/2016]

Education at a Glance. OECD indicators, 2016

  1. OECD Publishing (2016) Education at a Glance 2016. OECD Indicators. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. [Accessed on 27/01/2016]

STEM education systems

  1. Joyce, A. (2012) Science, technology, engineering and mathematics education – overcoming challenges in Europe. Intel White Paper. Intel.
  2. STEM Education Review Group to the Minister for Education and Skills. (2016) STEM education in the Irish School system. A Report on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.
  3. Ashley Chiu, M.S., C. Aaron Price, Ph.D, Elsie Ovrahim, M.Ed (2015) Paper presented at NARST 2015 Annual Conference. Science Leadership Initiative. Museum of Science and Industry Chicago.

STEM education and the labour market

  1. Caprile, M., Palmen, R., Sanz, P. & Dente, G. (2015) Encouraging STEM Studies for the Labour Market. Directorate General for Internal Policies. European Parliament.
  2. European Commission (2015) Does the EU need more STEM graduates? Final Report. European Commission.
  3. Business Europe (2012) Educate for employment. Skills for Growth. European Business Summit. [Online] Available from: [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  4. Joyce, A. (2014) Stimulating interest in STEM careers among students in Europe: Supporting career choice and giving a more realistic view of STEM at work. European Schoolnet. [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  5. Goos, M., Konings, J., Rademakers, E. (2016) Flexibility@work - Future of Work in the Digital Age Evidence from OECD countries. Yearly report on flexible labour and employment. KU Leuven, Utrecht University and Randstad  [Accessed on 22/05/2017]

STEM skills

  1. Business Europe (2011) Plugging the skills gap: the clock is ticking. Business Europe. [Accessed on 27/01/2016]
  2. ICF, Cedefop (2014) EU Skills Panorama. STEM skills Analytical Highlight European Commission. European Commission
  3. European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (2016) Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe. Briefing note. CEDEFOP.
  4. European Commission (2013) Filling the gaps e-skills and education for digital jobs. Launch of the Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs. Conference Report. European Commission.

STEM high schools and teacher development

  1. Kearney, C. (2015) Efforts to Increase Students' Interest in Pursuing Mathematics, Science and Technology Studies and Careers. National Measures taken by 30 Countries. Scientix. European Schoolnet.
  2. Hayden, K., Ouyang, Y, Scinski, L., Olszewski, B., Bielefeldt, T (2011) Increasing student interest and attitudes in STEM: Professional development and activities to engage and inspire learners. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 11(1), 47-69.
  3. The Royal Society. CBI. (2016) Making education your business. A practical guide to supporting STEM teaching in schools and colleges. The Royal Society. Science Policy Center.
  4. Lynch, S., Behrend, T., Burton, E.P. (2013) Inclusive STEM-focused High Schools: STEM Education Policy and Opportunity Structures. NARST 2013 Annual International Conference in Puerto Rico, April 6-9, 2013. Washington D.C. OSPrI research project. National Science Foundation.
  5. Laforce M. et al. (2016) The eight essential elements of inclusive STEM high schools. International Journal of STEM Education.
  6. EduCaixa (2016) STEAM Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Maths. LaCaixa Foundation.
  7. Anderson, J. (2005) IT, e-learning and teacher development. International Education Journal, ERC2004 Special Issue, 2005, 5(5), 1-14.

Multistakeholder partnerhsips in STEM education

  1. Joyce, A., Dzoga, M. (2013) Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics education in EMEA: advancing the agenda through multi-stakeholder partnerships. European Schoolnet. Intel.
  2. Jiménez-Iglesias, et al. (2016), Multi-stakeholder partnerships in STEM education, Scientix Observatory. European Schoolnet.

Gender and STEM education

  1. Blume-Kohout M. (2014) Understanding the Gender Gap in STEM Fields Entrepreneurship, MBK Analytics, LLC, SBA Advocacy Publications. [Online] Available from:
  2. Favara, M. (2012) The Cost of Acting "Girly": Gender Stereotypes and Educational Choices. ISER, University of Essex and IZA. DP No. 7037. [Online] Available from:
  3. Harrison, K. and Loizos, C. (2017) Inspired by Space: Engaging Girls in STEM. [Online] Available from:
  4. Women in STEM. (2016) Key Global Workforce Insights from Kelly Services. Kelly Services. [Online] Available from:
  5. European Comission, Directorate General for Research an innovation. (2012) She figures. Gender in Research and Innovation. [Online] Available from:
  6. Hermann, C. (2014) National Measures for the attractiveness of science for girls in different member states of the European Union and beyond. [Online] Available from:
  7. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - UNESCO, (2017). Cracking the Code - Girls' and women's education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). [Online]. Available from


  1. European Commission. (2017) Industry in Europe: Facts & figures on competitiveness & innovation 2017.
  2. European Commission. (2016) Horizon 2020. Two years on. Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. European Commission.
  3. European Commission (2016) State of the Innovation Union 2015. Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. European Commission
  4. European Commission (2015) She figures 2015. Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. European Commission.
  5. Dachs, B., Kampik, F., Scherngell T., Zahradnik, G., Hanzl-Weiss, D., Hunya G., Foster, N., Leitner, S., Stehrer, R., Urban, W. (2012) European Commission. Internationalization of business investments in R&D and analysis of their economic impact. European Commission.
  6. Eurostat pocketbooks (2013) Eurostat: Science, technology and innovation in Europe. 2013 edition. European Commission.
  1. Eurydice (2016) Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe. EURYDICE. - 2016 Edition. European Commission.
  2. Strupler Leiser, M. Wolter, S. (2015) Public Procurement Can Promote Apprenticeships. European Expert Network on Economics of Education (EENEE)
  3. Muehlemann, S., Wolter, S.C. (2013) Return on investment of apprenticeship systems for enterprises: Evidence from cost-benefit analyses. European Expert Network on Economics of Education (EENEE)
  1. OECD (2012) Connected Minds: Technology and Today's Learners, Educational Research and Innovation. OECD Publishing.
  2. Hogarth, S., Bennett, J., Lubben, F., Campbell, B., Robinson, A (2006) ICT in Science Teaching Technical Report In: Research Evidence in Education Library London. EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London.
  3. OECD (2015) Students, Computers and Learning: Making the Connection. PISA, OECD Publishing.
  4. Devlin, T. J., Feldhaus, C. R., Bentrem, K. M. (2013) The evolving classroom: A study of traditional and technology-based instruction in a STEM classroom. Journal of Technology Education, 25(1), 34-54
  5. French, B.H (2016) Technology in a gifted and talented math classroom: How it impacts students' problem solving and mathematical learning. Theses and Dissertations. STEM Education Paper 7. University of Kentucky
  6. Sanders, M. (2009) STEM, STEM Education, STEMmania. The Technology Teacher, December/January, 20-26. The technology teacher.
  7. Integrated Science Lessons Barak, M. (2014) Closing the gap between attitudes and perceptions about ICT-enhanced learning among pre-service STEM teachers. Journal of Science Education and Technology 23, 1-14. Springer Science.
  8. British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (2003) What the research says about ICT supporting special education needs. Becta report. ICT Research.
  9. Dix, K.L. (2007a) A longitudinal study examining the impact of ICT adoption on students and teachers. PhD Thesis. Flinders University of South Australia.
  10. Dix, K.L. (2007) DBRIEF: A research paradigm for ICT adoption. International Education Journal, 2007, 8(2), 113-124. School of Education, Flinders University.
  11. 11. Ilomäki, L. (2008) The effects of ICT on school: teachers and students' perspectives. PhD Thesis. Department of Teacher Education. University of Turku.


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